Logistics: Efficient world tour
Entering the two highly complex Porsche 919 Hybrids for the overseas races of the FIA World Endurance Championship does pose logistic challenges for the Weissach based Porsche Team. The air freight is 30 tons. Nevertheless, only indispensible items are taken on board. The team’s hospitality, for example, isn’t one of the essentials. The works team eats in the paddock canteen.
Air cargo is complex. Like in the classic computer game Tetris, items have to be stacked without gaps, using the aircraft’s hold including any sloping sections. The area for the Porsche freight is limited to 12 units. Each of them measures 304 by 230 centimetres and must not exceed the required weight, otherwise the basic costs increase. Months ago it was calculated 12 units would be needed. The cargo list contains several thousand items. In order to ensure that everything fits into the limited space, the team always had the air freight requirements in mind when making decisions over what to purchase – whether for a tool cabinet, packaging for the drivers’ helmets, or an engine box. Furthermore, similar to moving house, the rule is: whatever is needed first at the destination, must be immediately available. Perfect organisation is essential to build up the garage on time, and once the team starts unloading a three-ton container in a freight packed pit lane it sits there until it is empty.
For the Porsche Team, ten tailor-made containers have been purchased. Six of them, the so called Q7, have sloping tops, two are the flatter Q6 and two are “winged lowers”, shaped especially for the lower cargo space in the aircraft. They are more efficient than anything you can buy ready-made, and save a lot of packing material compared to stacking single boxes one on top of another. Plus, the containers can be loaded onto the aircraft with no net around it, which saves another 1.3 centimetres in height. Alongside the ten lightweight containers, the remaining two units accommodate the big parts, such as the flight case with the spare chassis or the hundred wheel rims.
Each of the 12 units has a unique worldwide number plate and each component packed inside the containers has a QR code, so that by using a scanner everything can be located. This painstaking organisation doesn’t just achieve labour and cost efficiency. Customs officers, too, have a need for information. Whether the serial numbers of the 100 radios, the number of chassis components, packets of screws, or rolls of tape – Porsche puts a lot of effort into reliable documentation. Everything imported into the various countries has to be exported out again. The containers are x-rayed, and customs officers may, of course, want to unpack them. Time for this is factored into the schedules.
The two Porsche 919 Hybrids don’t fit onto pallets, and instead travel securely strapped down onto extra car racks. All of their fluids have been drained, fragile body parts, such as mirrors and wings, have been packed safely elsewhere. A set of show tyres is fitted.
Between the races some components, for example the gearboxes, go on commercial flights to Germany for revision. Hazardous materials go separately. These include adhesives and resins, as well as spray cans and the lithium-ion batteries for the hybrid drive system. These batteries even require permission from federal aviation administration offices in the various countries. The fact that Porsche possesses considerable expertise in hybrid matters helps the race team, but the procedures are time-consuming nonetheless. The hazardous materials also have to stay in a secure room for 48 hours before and after every flight without being moved.
The team also ships some items by sea, which is considerably less expensive, but also much slower. Equipment shipped in August will only return in January. But then it triples what is needed. Because of the long distances there are three sets of sea freight on the high seas. The contents consist of relatively inexpensive but heavy equipment. Metal posts, for example. Instead of flying 20 of those heavy Tensator barriers around the world, it is cheaper to buy sixty of them and load them onto three vessels. It’s all about efficiency.